Legislation Proposed to Make National Park of Apollo Moon Landing Sites
Legislation proposed in the House of Representatives that would establish a national park on the surface of the moon where Apollo missions landed between 1969 and 1972.
The bill from Reps. Donna Edwards (D-Md.) and Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-Texas) would create the Apollo Lunar Landing Sites National Historical Park. Artifacts left on the surface of the moon from the Apollo 11 through 17 missions would be preserved in this national historic site.
Edwards and Bernice Johnson are members of the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee.
With the increase in future commercial moon landings, the US representatives want to protect these historic landing sites.
“As commercial enterprises and foreign nations acquire the ability to land on the Moon, it is necessary to protect the Apollo lunar landing sites for posterity,” text from the Apollo Lunar Landing Legacy Act, H.R. 2617.
The park would be established no later than one year after the bill passes and would be run jointly by the Department of the Interior and NASA.
The bill would allow the government to accept donations from private companies to “provide visitor services and administrative facilities within reasonable proximity to the Historical Park.”
The Full contents of the proposed legislation:
- 1 to set foot on another celestial body, during the
- 2 Apollo 11 mission;
- 3 (2) between 1969 and 1972, Apollo Missions
- 4 11, 12, 14,15, 16, and 17 all saw American astro-
- 5 nauts visit the surface of the Moon;
- 6 (3) the 1970 Apollo 13 mission, which was
- 7 aborted due to a serious malfunction en route to the
- 8 Moon, also circled the Moon;
- 9 (4) the Apollo lunar program was one of the
- 10 greatest achievements in American history;
- 11 (5) as commercial enterprises and foreign na-
- 12 tions acquire the ability to land on the Moon it is
- 13 necessary to protect the Apollo lunar landing sites
- 14 for posterity; and
- 15 (6) establishing the Historical Park under this
- 16 Act will expand and enhance the protection and
- 17 preservation of the Apollo lunar landing sites and
- 18 provide for greater recognition and public under-
- 19 standing of this singular achievement in American
- 20 history.
- 21 SEC. 3. PURPOSES.
- 22 The purposes of this Act are—
- 23 (1) to preserve and protect for the benefit of
- 24 present and future generations the nationally significant historic sites associated with the Historical Park;
(2) to preserve and protect for scientific inquiry the artifacts described in section 5(b); and
(3) to improve public understanding of the Apollo program and its legacy through preservation of the historic resources associated with the Apollo lunar landing sites.
SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS.
In this Act:
(1) ADMINISTRATOR.—The term ‘‘Administrator’’ means the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
(2) APOLLO LUNAR LANDING SITES.—The term ‘‘Apollo lunar landing sites’’ means all areas of the Moon where astronauts and instruments connected to the Apollo program between 1969 and 1972 touched the lunar surface.
(3) HISTORICAL PARK.—The term ‘‘Historical Park’’ means the Apollo Lunar Landing Sites Na- tional Historical Park established under section 5.
(4) SECRETARY.—The term ‘‘Secretary’’ means the Secretary of the Interior.
SEC. 5. ESTABLISHMENT OF APOLLO LUNAR LANDING SITES NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, there shall be estab- lished as a unit of the National Park System the Apollo Lunar Landing Sites National Historical Park.
(b) PARK COMPONENTS.—The Historical Park may only be comprised, as determined by the Secretary in con- sultation with the Administrator, of—
(1) the artifacts on the surface of the Moon as- sociated with the Apollo 11 mission, which landed on the lunar surface July 20, 1969, at Mare Tranquillitatis;
(2) the artifacts on the surface of the Moon as- sociated with the Apollo 12 mission, which landed on the lunar surface November 19, 1969, at Oceanus Procellarum;
(3) the artifacts on the surface of the Moon as- sociated with the Apollo 13 mission, which had an instrumentality crash land on the lunar surface April 14, 1970;
(4) the artifacts on the surface of the Moon associated with the Apollo 14 mission, which landed on the lunar surface February 5, 1971, at Fra Mauro;
(5) the artifacts on the surface of the Moon associated with the Apollo 15 mission, which landed on the lunar surface July 30, 1971, at Hadley-Apen-nines;
(6) the artifacts on the surface of the Moon associated with the Apollo 16 mission, which landed on the lunar surface April 21, 1972, at Descartes; and (7) the artifacts on the surface of the Moon associated with the Apollo 17 mission, which landed on the lunar surface December 11, 1972, at Taurus-Littrow.
SEC. 6. ADMINISTRATION.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall administer the Historical Park in accordance with—
(1) this Act;
(2) the laws generally applicable to units of the National Park System, including—
(A) the National Park System Organic Act (16 U.S.C. 1 et seq.); and
(B) the Act of August 21, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.); and
(3) applicable international law and treaties.
(b) GENERAL MANAGEMENT PLAN.—Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Administrator, pursuant to the inter- agency management agreement entered into under section
- 1 7(a), shall jointly complete a general management plan for
- 2 the Historical Park.
- 3 (c) DONATIONS; COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.—
- 4 (1) AGREEMENTS WITH OTHER FEDERAL AGEN-
- 5 CIES.—The Secretary may enter into one or more
- 6 agreements with the head of a Federal agency to
- 7 provide public access to, and management, interpre-
- 8 tation, and historic preservation of, historically sig-
- 9 nificant Apollo lunar landing site resources under
- 10 the jurisdiction or control of the Federal agency.
- 11 (2) DONATIONS; COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.—
- 12 The Secretary may accept donations from, and enter
- 13 into cooperative agreements with, foreign govern-
- 14 ments and international bodies, organizations, or in-
- 15 dividuals to further the purpose of an interagency
- 16 agreement entered into under paragraph (1) or to
- 17 provide visitor services and administrative facilities
- 18 within reasonable proximity to the Historical Park.
- 19 (3) DONATIONS TO NASA.—For the purposes of
- 20 this Act, the Administrator may accept, hold, admin-
- 21 ister, and use gifts, bequests, and devises (including
- 22 labor and services).
- 23 SEC. 7. MANAGEMENT AGREEMENT.
- 24 (a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the
- 25 date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Ad-
- 1 ministrator shall enter into an agreement providing for the
- 2 primary management of the Historical Park by the Ad-
- 3 ministrator. The agreement shall delineate the respective
- 4 duties and responsibilities of the Secretary and the Admin-
- 5 istrator in managing the Historical Park. Responsibilities
- 6 of the Administrator shall specifically include—
- 7 (1) ensuring proper monitoring of the Apollo
- 8 lunar landing sites;
- 9 (2) managing access to the sites, including
- 10 through coordination with other spacefaring nations
- 11 and entities; and
- 12 (3) in conjunction with the Director of the
- 13 Smithsonian Institution, ensuring an accurate cata-
- 14 loguing of items in the Historical Park.
- 15 (b) OTHER AGENCIES.—The Secretary and the Ad-
- 16 ministrator shall consult with other agencies, as needed,
- 17 to effectively carry out management of the Historical
- 18 Park.
- 19 SEC. 8. WORLD HERITAGE SITE DESIGNATION.
- 20 Not later than 1 year after the establishment of the
- 21 Historical Park, the Secretary, in consultation with the
- 22 Administrator, shall submit the Apollo 11 lunar landing
- 23 site to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and
- 24 Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for designation as a
- 25 World Heritage Site.
- 1 SEC. 9. SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION.
- 2 Nothing in this Act shall be construed to alter or ter-
- 3 minate any existing agreements between the National Aer-
- 4 onautics and Space Administration and the Smithsonian
- 5 Institution concerning the management of National Aero-
- 6 nautics and Space Administration historical artifacts.